Napoleonic Wars French Briquet

Anything that goes "Bang" or has a blade.

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SkipperJohn
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Napoleonic Wars French Briquet

Post by SkipperJohn » Sun Feb 12, 2017 2:57 pm

The French Briquet is probably the most common sword on the planet. They were issued to the French infantry during the Napoleonic Wars and were produced well into the 1860's. Documents indicate that the briquet was used by almost every army on the Napoleonic battlefield since they could easily be found in abundance. Eventually they were produced by almost every European country, except England.

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Reproductions of these can be found, but often it is less expensive to buy an original. I have seen these, without scabbard, for less than fifty bucks:

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Construction is always very similar; however, slight differences can be found:

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I found this one particularly interesting because it has French military proof marks:

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But the Maker's name appears to be in Arabic:

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The briquet was issued as more of a utility tool than a combat weapon, but it could be used for both. The overall length is 29 inches and the blade is 23 1/4 inches. The blade is of heavy construction making this an all purpose implement.

John :)
Last edited by SkipperJohn on Sun Aug 06, 2017 9:31 pm, edited 1 time in total.

aicusv
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Re: Napoleonic Wars French Briquet

Post by aicusv » Mon Feb 13, 2017 10:45 am

Can they be dated?

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SkipperJohn
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Re: Napoleonic Wars French Briquet

Post by SkipperJohn » Mon Feb 13, 2017 12:05 pm

aicusv wrote:Can they be dated?
They can be dated --- sort of. Since there were so many makers over such a long period of time, they become difficult to date.
You need to look at charts of French military proofs. That gives you a range: "Used from 1809 until 1812" as an example.
Then compare proofs that may come from the sword being re-issued, "Used from 1810 until 1820" as an example.
That will give you a range. I am no expert at it, especially the French ones. I would date my sword between 1810 and 1816.

I don't think that there is a complete list of proof marks to be found --- anywhere. Here are some hints that I used:
1) German state manufacturers usually can be dated by when that state was under French control.
2) Spanish manufacturers generally put a date on the blade.
3) French manufacturers sometimes dated the hilt, but mostly used proof marks.
4) Eastern European states --- it's anybody's guess --- best bet is to determine when the state was held or allied to the French.

It gets even more complicated when you consider that many European countries put these swords into service for their own military after the Napoleonic Wars were over.

I recently saw one of these swords for sale as "A 100% original sword from the Napoleonic Wars", guaranteed original, etc, etc. The sword was a Spanish manufacture and the blade was dated "1856". Napoleon died in 1821.

What can I say, Good Luck.

John :)

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Re: Napoleonic Wars French Briquet

Post by SkipperJohn » Sun Aug 06, 2017 9:32 pm

The original post has been updated using picorator.com.

John :D

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