Anthony Herbert's Osminieh

Medals, badges, awards and related items.

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ukturkcollector
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Anthony Herbert's Osminieh

Post by ukturkcollector » Tue Aug 12, 2014 1:16 pm

As I understand it, in the 1955 book 'Conquest to Nowhere', by Anthony Herbert, it is stated that he received an 'Osminieh' medal(?), for his service with the Turkish brigade in the Korean War. Does anyone have any information on this?

The complication with this story, is that the Turkish Republic in this period, was not awarding medals, and Turkish servicemen were made eligible for the 'United Nations Service Medal for Korea (UNKM)'.

According to the book's statement "Herbert was attached out to a Turkish brigade and earned the Osminieh, a version of the Medal of Honor and one of only nine men to ever receive it."

Notwithstanding, the Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Honor (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri Şeref Madalyası) is the highest medal that can be bestowed upon an individual by the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF), was first created on July 27, 1967.

Prior this point, Ottoman Awards (like the Osminieh) had been discontinued under the Turkish Republic, and only the Medal of Freedom (1920-1938), had been in use prior to the 1967 -period establishment of Turkey's current system of awards. And it is not clear if there were later awards of this particular medal in the 50s. Does anyone have any information on this topic as well?

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Re: Anthony Herbert's Osminieh

Post by joerookery » Wed Aug 13, 2014 8:58 am

Sorry no idea.
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Re: Anthony Herbert's Osminieh

Post by ukturkcollector » Wed Aug 13, 2014 12:28 pm

In a series of extracts from the book "Soldier" (1973) reprinted in the Schenectady Gazette - Feb 26, 1973 p.14 (http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1 ... 54,2482469" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;), it states that Herbert received his "Osminieh", from the then president of Turkey, Celâl Bayar.

This story has also given rise to the fictional order/medal "Republic of Turkey's Osminieh Order".

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Re: Anthony Herbert's Osminieh

Post by ukturkcollector » Wed Aug 13, 2014 4:38 pm

ukturkcollector wrote:In a series of extracts from the book "Soldier" (1973) reprinted in the Schenectady Gazette - Feb 26, 1973 p.14 (http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1 ... 54,2482469" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;), it states that Herbert received his "Osminieh", from the then president of Turkey, Celâl Bayar.

This story has also given rise to the fictional order/medal "Republic of Turkey's Osminieh Order".
It is also interesting to note that in 1990 Anthony 'Tony' Herbert wrote an article 'regarding the Turkish award'.

In a November 2006 article in Bridges, the Lithuanian American News Journal (http://www.lithuanian-american.org/m/wp ... 200611.pdf" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;) there appeared an article on Herbert, that stated he received the "coveted Turkish Ozanu Order" (pg4), and was the only non-Turkish person to receive this award. The same paragraph appears in The Greybeards, SEPT-OCT 2009 (pg64) (http://www.kwva.org/graybeards/gb_09/gb ... _final.pdf" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;)

There is no clarification as to what the is "Turkish Ozanu Order".

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Re: Anthony Herbert's Osminieh

Post by ukturkcollector » Thu Aug 14, 2014 4:03 am

http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?imgurl=h ... m1g13gCuY=" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;

This link contains a photograph of Herbert in 1974, in his dress uniform, and his medals are visible.
Image

Herbert's awards are well documented, and these can be clearly seen in this picture (left side), such as the
Silver Star (5)
Legion of Merit
Soldier's Medal
Bronze Star (4)
Purple Heart (4)
Air Medal (2)
Army Commendation Medal (4)

However, none of these appear to be/or is there any other medal that could be a'Turkish Ozanu Order/Republic of Turkey's Osminieh Order'. Which appears to suggest that it was never worn, or that one of the other ribbons/badge on the right side is one of these? Can anyone identify all the medals badges in this photograph.

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Re: Anthony Herbert's Osminieh

Post by joerookery » Thu Aug 14, 2014 7:22 am

I cannot identify them all, but in the order of priority any foreign award would be lowest. Therefore if he had a Turkish medal it would either be on the lower right of the photo or very close to it.
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Re: Anthony Herbert's Osminieh

Post by ukturkcollector » Thu Aug 14, 2014 8:16 am

joerookery wrote:I cannot identify them all, but in the order of priority any foreign award would be lowest. Therefore if he had a Turkish medal it would either be on the lower right of the photo or very close to it.
Looking at the lowest row, from left to right I suggest these are the:
(i) Vietnam Service Medal (VSM)
(ii) Gallantry Cross (Vietnamese: Anh Dũng Bội Tinh)
(iii) Civil Actions Medal (Republic of Vietnam/South Vietnam)
(iv) United Nations Service Medal for Korea (UNKM)
and the last one is the:
(v) Vietnam Campaign Medal (Vietnamese: Chiến Dịch Bội Tinh)

Which suggests there was no actual Turkish award (in the medal group).

He had five additional ribbon/citations (all displayed on the right breast):
(i) Presidential Unit Citation w/3 OLCs
(ii) Meritorious Unit Commendation
(iii) Presidential Unit Citation (Korea)
(iv) RVN Gallantry Cross with Palm and Frame Unit Citation
(v) RVN Civil Actions with Palm and Frame Unit Citation

However, in the picture there is a sixth bar(?) and and small button-badge lower down (?): Does anyone know what these might be?

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